The Government of Albania has taken significant steps towards a new political approach regarding the implementation of specific, preferential and result-oriented legal packages, with the purpose of improving the investment climate and business environment.
Successful steps have been taken in creating new Technological and Economic Development Areas (TEDA), specifically designated for the development of industrial parks that will benefit from special legislation and investment incentives.
The development of new Technological and Economic Development Areas (TEDAs) is based upon favorable economic and geographical factors, as well as the commitment of the Government to facilitate business development, focusing on the attraction of foreign investments, employment and the sustainable development of the country.
The Technological and Economic Development Area in Spitallë, Durrës, is located in the northern region of Durrës County. This area of 199.7 ha belongs to the Cadastral Zone No. 8517, Durrës. This area has been announced by DCM No. 262, dated 06.04.2016, “On the establishment of the technological and economic development area in Spitallë, Durrës”. This economic area is located near Durrës, the second most developed city in Albania, only 30 km from the International “Nënë Tereza” Airport, and 37 km from Tirana, the capital city of Albania.
The Technological and Economic Development Area in Koplik covers an area of 61 ha green land, adjacent to the Shkodër-Hani Hotit road, 2 km north of Koplik. The area is located at a distance of 20 km from the city of Shkodra and 15 km from Hani i Hotit Customs (border with Montenegro).
Technological and Economic Development Areas benefit from the following incentives:
- Entrance and exit of goods into and from the area, as well as all formalities and procedures, are carried out in accordance with the dispositions of the Customs Code;
- Capital expenses are 20 % deductible during a period of 2 years to developers and users that invest in TEDA within 3 years from the start of the economic activity of the area;
- Developers and users are exempted from 50% of the tax on profit rate for a period of 5 years;
- The supply of Albanian goods to the technology and economic development area shall be considered as a supply with zero VAT rate, in accordance with the provisions of the law on added value and customs legislation;
- The developer’s project is exempted from the tax of impact on infrastructure;
- Buildings in TEDA, constructed according to the developer’s plan, are exempted from the tax on immovable property for a period of 5 years;
- The developers or users of the area are exempted from the tax on property right transfer on immovable properties;
- Expenses for wages, and social and health contributions paid by the employer for the employee are 150 % deductible for the first year.
Licenses, permits and authorizations in Technological and Economic Development Areas, in accordance with the legislation on strategic investments
The strategic sector of Technological and Economic Development Areas (TEDA) includes the subsector of Industrial/Technological Parks, consisting of strategic investments related to the construction, maintenance and administration of Industrial/Technological and Innovation Parks, as well as providing the necessary infrastructure for production, industrial development, trade and delivery of services related to the activities carried out within them.
This subsector is regulated by Law No. 9789, dated 19.07.2007, “On the establishment and operation of technological and economic development areas” and the Regulation “On the operation of technological and economic development areas” approved by DCM No. 106, dated 10.2.2016, “On approving the Regulation “On the operation of the technological and economic development areas.”
Following the amendments to this Law, the term “Technological and Economic Development Area” has replaced the terms “Free Zone” and “Industrial Park”.
According to these provisions, the permits and licences required in the technological and economic development areas are as follows:
- Developer licence in the technological and economic development area;
- User licence in the technological and economic development area;
- Permit for the initiation of the activity in the technological and economic development area
Table – Permits related to the activities of strategic investments in technological and economic development areas in accordance with the legislation on strategic investments.
|Construction Works||Construction permits issued by the authorities of territory planning and development||· Development Permit
· Construction permit
As a general rule, development and construction permits for strategic investments are approved by the National Territorial Council (NTC).
Whereas in the case of other investments, construction permits are approved by the Mayor, except for complex cases for which NTC is competent. NTC is the responsible authority for making decisions on development permits and construction permits for the types of complex developments set out in the development regulation, and those related to issues, areas, objects of national importance, or strategic investments.
Construction permits for which NTC is responsible;
· power plants;
· Gas, oil and bitumen production and processing plants; oil and gas pipelines; petroleum, gas and petroleum product repositories with a capacity of over 500 tons;
· solid and liquid waste treatment plants and storage structures of any kind, as well as waste water treatment plants;
· airports, passenger ports, ports and terminals;
· tourist complexes and villages;
· mines, quarries, inert extraction and exploitation sites;
· components of national infrastructure networks or systems (railways, subways, trams, roads, highways, underwater, underground and air cable networks, water supply facilities and networks, electronic communication objects and networks with national or regional reach or influence);
· water supply structures and networks, waste water collection and treatment;
· strategic investments
|· Mayor or NTC
· Mayor or NTC
|· Law No. 107/2014, “On Territorial Planning and Development”
· DCM No. 408, dated 13.5.2015, “On aprroving the regulation on territorial development”
|Professional licensing of entities that carry out construction works||Licence for companies carrying out construction and implementation works||MIE
|· Law No.8402, dated 10.9.1998, “On the control and discipline of construction works”
· DCM No. 42, dated 16.01.2008 “On the approval of the regulation on the criteria and procedures of issuing professional licences for the implementation, classification and discipline of juridical entities that carry out construction activities.
· DCM No. 759, dated 12.11.2014 “On the professional licensing of individuals and juridical entities that carry out activities in the field of construction studies and designation, supervision and technical control of implementation works in construction.
|Environmental impact||Environmental permits||Environmental Permit Type A – Permit III.1.C
Environmental Permit Type B – Permit III.1.B
Environmental Permit Type C – Permit III.1.A
|NBC||· Law No.10 431, dated 9.6.2011 “On environmental protection”;
· Law No. 10448, dated 14.7.2011 “On environmental permits”;
· Law No.10440, dated 7.7. 2011 “On the assessment of environmental impact”;
· DCM No. 419, dated 25.06.2014, “On the approval of specific demands for the examination of Type A, B, and C permit applications, for the transfer of permits from a subject to another, of the conditions for the respective environmental permits, as well as the detailed rules on their examination by the competent authorities until the issuing of these permits by NLC”.
LAW 9789, date 19.07.2007
DCM 106, date 10.02.2016